, 2022-12-12 04:07:36,
According to a recent Nutrition Action newsletter 15 percent of adults in the United States have diabetes. Add another 38 percent who have prediabetes (with 8 out of 10 not even knowing it). Adding these together means one in two adults with harmful blood sugar levels.
Fortunately many cases can be prevented and, in some individuals, even be reversed.
Understanding the basics of how diabetes progresses is important and the following description from December’s Nutrition Action newsletter provides a succinct summary
Insulin acts as a key that allows blood sugar (glucose) to enter the body’s cells, where it can be burned for fuel or stored.
But in some people the key can’t open the lock.
To compensate for that “insulin resistance,” the pancreas pumps out more and more insulin, but it’s not enough to keep blood sugar from creeping up to “prediabetes levels. After years of straining to keep up, the pancreas starts to fail and blood sugar reaches the “diabetes” range.
The above describes the most frequent type of diabetes (type 2). In type 1 diabetes (accounting for about 5 percent of diabetes) the body’s immune system destroys the pancreas’ ability to make insulin
In 2002 a nationwide study (the Diabetes Prevention Program, DPP) published results from a three year study of 3,234 individuals who had been assigned to one of three groups. One group received an intensive lifestyle intervention while the other groups received…
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