Stable isotopes of C and N differ in their ability to reconstruct diets of cattle fed C3–C4 forage diets
, 2022-10-13 04:52:42,
Animals, housing, and treatments
All procedures involving animals were approved by the University of Florida Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (Protocol #201709925). All methods were performance in accordance with the relevant guidelines and regulations, and permission and informed consent was obtained from the University of Florida (owners) for the use of the steers in this experiment.
The experiment was carried out during July and August of 2017 at the Feed Efficiency Facility of University of Florida, North Florida Research and Education Center, located in Marianna, Florida (30°52′N, 85°11″W, 35 m asl). Both ‘Argentine’ bahiagrass and ‘Florigraze’ rhizoma peanut hays were obtained from commercial producers. The hay bales were stored in enclosed barns throughout the duration of the experiment.
Twenty-five Brahman × Angus crossbred steers (Bos sp.) were utilized (average BW = 341 ± 17 kg, approx. 16 months of age). The steers were grazing bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) pastures, a C4 grass, prior to the start of the study. The day prior to the start of the experiment (e.g. day-1), steers brought to working facilities, where they remained 16 h off feed and water, in order to obtain shrunk bodyweights. On day 0 of the experiment, steers were weighed, blocked by bodyweight, and allocated to five treatments (5 steers per treatment) and housed in grouped pens. Hay intake was recorded utilizing GrowSafe© systems (GrowSafe Systems Ltd.,…
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